Avoid Absolute Terms in Patent Application

Patent drafting is a subtle art. The drafter has to be careful about his/her choice of words throughout the application, as each word may add a limitation to the invention. A patent practitioner must be careful in choosing words so as to avoid absolute terms in patent application and provide the broadest allowable scope of[…]

Provisional Patent Application

What is an Office Action?

The office action is a document written by a patent examiner in response to a patent application after the examiner has examined the application. An office action represents the government’s official position on the pending patent application, where an examining attorney sends an office action to notify an applicant about issues with his or her[…]


Abstract in Patent Application

Patent application is the purpose of the Abstract is to enable the Patent Office and the public to determine quickly from a cursory inspection the nature and gist of the technical disclosure. The Abstract is directed to what is disclosed in the specification, and not necessarily the claims. In other words, the Abstract is not[…]

Summary Section In Patent Application

Summary Section in Patent Application

The Summary section is a brief and general statement of the invention. Not all jurisdictions require a summary of the invention section. However, such sections are customarily prepared in many jurisdictions even when not strictly required by national law. The Summary section is different from the Abstract, which is directed toward the disclosure as a[…]

Disadvantages Of Filing Provisional Patent Application

Writing Background in Patent Application

The background is an extremely important section of a patent application. This section describes the state of the art in the particular technical area to which the patent relates and what problems remain to be solved or disadvantages accompanying the prior art solutions. The use of background sections varies among the world’s patent regimes. In[…]

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