The main motto behind a Patent specification is the disclosure of the invention. It is done in such a way that a normally skilled person can create the invention himself. The only way it is possible is that the applicant discloses the invention completely. This also includes the best procedure to perform the invention.
The Patent specification is a techno-legal document that contains complete scientific details of the invention along with the claims. It forms a major part of the Patent Application and is a mandatory procedure. The most important components of a patent specification are claims, description, drawings, sequence listing, and abstracts.
Also Read: Patent Draft: Major Core Principles
Components of a Patent Specification:
A patent specification conveys the complete disclosure. The focus is to include the best method of performing the invention. The various contents of a Patent specification according to Section 10 of the Patents Act, 1970 are:
The title defines the industry or art of the Invention. You must keep it brief, precise and definite. You must try to avoid fancy expressions, ambiguity and extra details about the invention. A normal title is of about 15 words. Moreover, it must agree verbally with the title stated in the application.
The summary of an invention consists of nature and technology domain of the invention. Also, it includes other important points such as a detailed description of the machine, process, composition of matter and manufacture. In addition to that, it consists of the advantages of the invention. Moreover, the summary includes the previous problems from the background of the invention along with their solutions.
The description of the field must begin with a general statement to indicate the subject matter briefly to which the invention relates. It must start as “This invention relates to …………………” Now you may mention the advantages of the invention and highlight the areas of application and the main purpose of the invention. Also, an applicant may mention the industrial applicability of the invention.
The abstract must contain a brief summary of the matter inside the patent specification. It must indicate the technical field of the invention along with the principal use. Also, the abstract must contain the solution to the problem through the invention. Moreover, it may contain the chemical formula if required.
However, you must not create an abstract of more than 150 words. The applicant is required to indicate the figures on the abstract if the patent specification contains drawings. Also, the main features in the abstract along with the drawings must contain the reference sign used in that drawing.
Patent drawings contain a number of figures with numeral labeling and their specific description. These descriptions refer to the patent claims of the invention. The patent drawings are the visual description of the invention. The Drawings are made with the help of structures, charts and graphs. It depends upon the technology. You must mention the name of the applicant and the total number of the drawings at the top-left or right corner of each page at the time of submitting. Also, at the bottom right corner, every drawing sheet must contain the signature of the applicant or the agent authorized by the applicant.
In this section, the inventor must clearly and concisely explain the invention along with the process of making and use of the invention. You must distinguish your invention from other inventions. The description must completely narrate the process, manufacture, the machine, improvement and composition of matter related to the invention. The improvement part of the description must limit to the specific improvement and parts that are required to understand the invention completely.
It is necessary that a person of ordinary skill in the field of art or science must be able to use or build the invention with the help of the description only.
Patent claims are the subject matter of the invention that differentiates the invention from the prior art. They not only define the scope of the invention but also judge the patentability of an invention. The descriptive part of the patent drafting must support the patent claims. Also, you must always draft the patent claim from a new page and must write every claim in a new sentence. Always follow a reference numeral to mention the patent claim and the patent drawings simultaneously.
The background of an invention includes references to specific documents related to the invention. It must discuss the improvements required in the invention. You must identify and write all the Prior patent applications in the background section. Also, it deals with the comparison and discussion of all the key features of the prior art and the current invention.
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